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The first inhabitants of Canada were native Indian peoples, primarily the Inuit (Eskimo). The Norse explorer Leif Eriksson probably reached the shores of Canada (Labrador or Nova Scotia) in 1000, but the history of the white man in the country actually began in 1497, when John Cabot, an Italian in the service of Henry VII of England, reached Newfoundland or Nova Scotia. Canada was taken for France in 1534 by Jacques Cartier. The actual settlement of New France, as it was then called, began in 1604 at Port Royal in what is now Nova Scotia; in 1608, Quebec was founded. France's colonization efforts were not very successful, but French explorers by the end of the 17th century had penetrated beyond the Great Lakes to the western prairies and south along the Mississippi to the Gulf of Mexico. Meanwhile, the English Hudson's Bay Company had been established in 1670.
Because of the valuable fisheries and fur trade, a conflict developed between the French and English; in 1713, Newfoundland, Hudson Bay, and Nova Scotia (Acadia) were lost to England. During the Seven Years' War (1756–1763), England extended its conquest, and the British general James Wolfe won his famous victory over Gen. Louis Montcalm outside Quebec on Sept. 13, 1759. The Treaty of Paris in 1763 gave England control
Niagara Falls Ontario is located just across the river from Niagara Falls New York with the great waterfall situated right between these twin cities. The Canadian side offers the best views of Niagara Falls and has a very different character than its counterpart in the USA.
Niagara Falls Ontario is much more commercialized and tourist oriented than Niagara Falls New York. On the Canadian-side, the escarpment overlooking the falls has a beautiful park with well-manicured gardens, but just behind that, the hill is covered with high-rise hotels, casinos and numerous tourist attractions. The adjacent streets are filled with museums, souvenir shops, gaming arcades, restaurants, clubs and tourist attractions of all kinds. If you don't mind all of the commercialism, Niagara Falls Ontario offers more to see and more to do than Niagara Falls New York.
Crossing the border
The main border crossing between Niagara Falls New York and Niagara Falls Ontario is via the Rainbow Bridge that spans the Niagara River Gorge just a few hundred meters below the falls. Unfortunately, this bridge can become quite congested especially on weekends during the summer vacation season and traffic may back up several kilometers forcing you to wait an hour or more to cross. With a bit of foresight, you can avoid the annoying delays.
You can cross the Niagara River into Canada on the Peace Bridge in Buffalo New York approximately 25 miles south of the falls. Once you reach the Canadian side of the border, you can either take a quick trip along the Queen Elizabeth Highway to Niagara Falls, or you can take the scenic drive along the Niagara River Parkway. As an alternate, you can cross the river and enter Canada at the Queenston-Lewiston Bridge about 5 miles north of the falls, then take the spectacularly scenic Niagara River Parkway along the Niagara Gorge to the falls
Toronto's people are very proud of the CN Tower because it is the tallest freestanding structure in the world. The CN Tower measures in at a height of 553.33 meters (see images on the top of this page).
Vacation in Toronto
Did you ever think to have a vacation in Toronto? What a great idea! There are many attractions in Toronto and it's local surrounding area. Maybe is a time to surprise your spouse or girlfriend with a trip to Toronto! Travel to Toronto's Greater Area or visit Mississauga and local towns, for great vacations!
Toronto is also well known for it's three large universities: University of Toronto, York University, and Ryerson University. Both the University of Toronto and Ryerson are located in downtown Toronto, while York is located in the North West region of the city. In city of Toronto there are also more then 20 colleges to meet everyone's educational choices. See some of them listed below and be sure to visit our other Canadian cities and their universities.
Toronto links about Toronto in Canada (copy and paste):
Toronto.com, all about Toronto - www.toronto.com
Official Toronto Canada Web Site - www.toronto.ca
Swansea - One of the neighbourhoods - www.swansea.ca
Toronto Star Newspaper website - www.torontostar.com
Toronto Sun Newspaper website - www.torontosun.com
York University in Toronto Canada - www.yorku.ca
UofT - University of Toront Canada - www.utoronto.ca
George Brown College Toronto Canada - www.gbrownc.on.ca
Humber College Tornto Canada - www.humberc.on.ca
Seneca College Toronto Canada - www.senecac.on.ca
Toronto Public Library - www.tpl.toronto.on.ca
Toronto Maple Leafs - www.torontomapleleafs.com
Toronto Raptors - www.torontoraptors.com
Toronto Stock Exchange, Canda - www.tse.com
Toronto Canada CN Tower - www.cntower.ca